Below are CJPME's most recent Factsheets. See complete list of all of CJPME's Factsheets

Qassam Rocket attacks from Gaza

CJPME Factsheet 35, published January, 2009: Since 2001, Palestinian militants have been launching small rockets – typically referred to as “Qassam Rockets” – from Gaza toward nearby Israeli population centers, notably Sderot and Ashkelon.  Israel often tries to justify its violence in Gaza as an attempt to stop the rash of rocket attacks.  Sadly, the reporting of such attacks, Palestinian and Israeli, does little to illuminate the context to such attacks. Continue reading

Challenges to a National Identity in Iraq

CJPME Factsheet 46, published November 2008: Modern day Iraq is divided along religious and ethnic lines. Northern Iraq is dominated by Kurds while the rest of Iraq is composed largely of Arabs, though Iraq also contains small communities of Assyrians, Turkmen, Persians, Armenians and Marsh Arabs. This factsheets provides an overview of Iraq’s struggle with its National Identity. Continue reading

Afghanistan and the Taliban

CJPME Factsheet 45, published November 2008: This factsheet looks at the history of the Taliban and how it have been affect ted by the current war in Afghanistan.  Continue reading

Bil’in Village, Canada, and International Law

CJPME Factsheet 44, published August 2008: This factsheet provides an overview of the case of the Palestinian village of Bil'in, located in the Israeli occupied Palestinian Territories. Because of a persistent, disciplined and peaceful resistance campaign, Bil’in been able to win some minor though significant victories over Israel’s regime of occupation: by attracting international attention, winning against the Israeli Supreme Court in 2007 and by launching a lawsuit against two Montreal companies.   Continue reading

The Legal Right to Self-Defence

CJPME Factsheet 42, published June 2008: As a general rule in international law, the threat and use of force is prohibited. That said, the right to self-defence in international law is established in Article 51 of the same document. This factsheet discusses Israel’s use and abuse of the “self-defence” argument through numerous principles and examples. Continue reading

Israel’s ongoing status as Military Occupant of Gaza

CJPME Factsheet 41, published June 2008: With much fanfare in August, 2005, Israel “disengaged” from Gaza, pulling out about 8000 Israeli colonists that had been illegally planted there, and vacating the military installations which had been established for decades.  Even before the Israeli-Gaza violence which reigned through 2006-2008, there were individuals who questioned the legal status of Gaza.  What is the legal status of Gaza – occupied or independent – and what are the responsibilities of Israel towards the civilian population of Gaza?  Continue reading

The “Seam Zone” – Israeli Land Grab

CJPME Factsheet 40, published June 2008: In June of 2002 the Israeli government decided to build a Wall with the stated goal of “providing security” to Israeli citizens. In reality, 80% of the Wall is built onWest Bank land and successfully encircles and/or isolates numerous Palestinian population centers. This results in dozens of enclaves caught between the Wall on the East, andIsrael and the Green Line on the West – the “Seam Zone.”    Continue reading

Canada-Israel ‘Public Safety’ Cooperation

CJPME Factsheet 39, published May 2008: On March 23, 2008, Canada’s Minister of Public Safety, Stockwell Day, and Israel’s Minister of Public Security signed a Declaration of Intent to “enhance cooperation in the area of public safety.”  While this declaration builds on existing cooperation between Canada and Israel on security-related matters, the formality of this declaration bring a new level of significance and importance to the sharing.  Continue reading

Torture and Detention in Israel

CJPME Factsheet 38, published May 2008: The UN Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment defines torture as any act which intentionally inflicts severe mental or physical pain on a victim for the purpose of obtaining information or a confession or for punishing the victim for conduct or suspected conduct. The UN convention was preceded by a long series of other conventions such as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Article 7), and conventions dealing with the laws of war, all of which strictly prohibit torture and other types of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment and punishment under any circumstances. Continue reading

Israeli “Public Safety” Abuses in the Occupied Palestinian Territories

CJPME Factsheet 36, published May, 2008: Immediately following the 1967 War Israel’s leaders took a conscious decision to retain Control of the West Bank and Gaza using “security” as justification.  That decision – illegal under international law – was taken despite advice from Israeli Foreign Ministry legal counsel, Theodor Meron, that “Civilian settlement in the administered territories contravenes the explicit provisions of the Fourth Geneva…  The prohibition is categorical and is not conditioned on the motives or purposes of the transfer and is aimed at preventing colonization of conquered territory by citizens of the conquering state.” Ongoing Israeli colonization of the West Bank and Gaza, flowing from that initial illegal decision, has been a major contributing factor to friction and violence between Israelis and Palestinians. The failure by Israel, the occupying power, to assume its legal responsibilities for the indigenous people of the West Bank and Gaza, as required by international law, has spawned a range of abuses justified in the name of security or public safety. Continue reading